Vision Jamaica: national development plan: the popular version / prepared by the Planning Institute of Jamaica p.: ill.; cm. ISBN 2 (pbk). Vision Jamaica: national development plan/Planning Institute of Jamaica p.; cm. Bibliography: p. ISBN 1. Jamaica – Economic policy. 1. An overview of Vision Jamaica. 2. How climate change is incorporated in the development of Vision Vision Jamaica: National Development.
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Vision, “Jamaica the place of choice to live, work, raise families and do business” articulated in the national Development Plan, Vision Jamaica. This Sector. Vision Jamaica – National Development Plan. Background to Planning Process. In , the Government of Jamaica (GOJ). Vision Jamaica | National Development Plan. Page vi. “Jamaica, the place of choice to live, work, raise families and do business”. As a united family at.
Political and property rights are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
Sovereignty of the people: The government derives all its just powers from the people it governs. Equality of citizens: Kenya will not discriminate any citizen on the basis of gender, race, tribe, religion or ancestral origin. National values, goals and ideology: Kenyans shall formulate and adopt a core set of national values, goals and a political ideology supportive of Vision , these will include acknowledgement of the significance of God to the Kenyan people and an affirmation of the religious, cultural and ethnic diversity of Kenyans.
It will also affirm the indivisibility of Kenya as a nation and her commitment to democracy and the rule of law. A viable political party system: Kenya aims at a political party system that will be guided by policy and ideological differences rather than region of ethnicity. Founding of political parties on religious, linguistic, racial, ethnic, gender, corporate or regional basis will be prohibited.
All political parties will be obliged to subscribe to a legally-binding Code of Conduct. There will be a clear definition of circumstances under which a party may be de-registered or reinstated. The delegation of state functions to or the use of state resources by political parties will not be permitted. Political parties will be required to publish their manifestos before participating in elections.
Public participation in governance: Kenyans shall appreciate the values of tolerance and respect for differences in opinion in a competitive society.
Separation of powers: Legislature, the Executive and Judiciary institutions are independently functioning in a manner that enhances the implementation of Vision Decentralisation: Vision uses devolved funds to strengthen decentralization of development projects at the community level. The agency works closely in collaboration with public and private sector, civil society and other relevant stakeholder groups.
The projects are original large-scale initiatives that look beyond their immediate locality. Flagship projects form part of the national development with complementary projects being undertaken in line with the medium-term plans, the budget outlook paper, and the medium-term expenditure framework.
During the life of the Vision, strategies and action plans are expected to be systematically reviewed and adjusted every 5 years in order to respond to the changing environment. Following the expiry of the ERS in December , the first part of Vision is now being implemented under the plan. It boasts of a climate which is favourable to tourism and agricultural production. Its geographic location, in close proximity to the largest developed country, proves advantageous for sustained capital investments and trade.
On August 6, , Jamaica celebrated the culmination of decades of advocacy for independence. On that day, the Jamaica National Flag was first raised, signifying the birth of our nation. We watched as the vestiges of colonial rule, the Royal Air Force and the British Navy and Army, gave way to a Jamaican defense force, including an air wing and a coast guard. Our prayerful National Anthem reverberated throughout the hallways of schools and public buildings.
Our nation was filled with hope and pride as we became the first in the English-speaking Caribbean to gain independence from Britain and to begin the journey of nationhood. During the decade following Independence , economic sectors such as mining, manufacturing and construction, and the tourism industry had strong growth. This resulted in Jamaica being one of the leading countries in the Caribbean in economic development.
However, resource constraints and the challenges of economic dependence, including marked inequalities in wealth and opportunity, prevented the economy from reaching its full growth potential. Economic infrastructure, such as roads, water, and electricity, was less than satisfactory. Labour market conditions and industrial relations were at best volatile.
Institutional reform and the legislative framework were fledgling and there was weak social cohesion in some areas. Despite these challenges, the society was relatively peaceful, orderly and secure.
After , the financial services sector recovered, though at a substantial cost to the Government as reflected in increased public debt. An important and positive outcome was a strengthened regulatory framework for the financial services sector.
Since , Jamaica has experienced periods of poor economic performance followed by relatively short periods of economic growth. Major social and political reforms characterized this period, particularly in the areas of education and industrial relations. Structural adjustment processes were implemented, including liberalization of Economic development also was constrained by a series of natural disasters and external shocks including: hurricanes in , , and ; the terrorism attack in the USA in September ; international recessions in and again in ; and steep rises in oil prices particularly from to In the s, the Government acquired the oil refinery and assets in the bauxite industry, consequent on the decision of foreign companies to cease operating in Jamaica.
Life expectancy, which was 72 years in , is comparable to that of high income countries. The percentage of households with access to piped water increased to The target for universal primary schooling has been achieved with net rates of over 90 per cent for both boys and girls.
Universal quality education for our children is still unsatisfactory with student performance below average in major assessments at the primary and secondary levels. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger 2. Achieve Universal Primary Education 3. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women 4. Reduce Child Mortality 5. Improve Maternal Health 6.
Ensure Environmental Sustainability 8. Jamaica now has one of the highest murder rates in the world, reaching 60 per , population in Other challenges we continue to face include: high public debt; low productivity in most sectors; fiscal imbalance; anaemic export performance; weak infrastructure; poor educational performance; unemployment among youth ages years as high as Proportion of persons living below the poverty declined to 9.
Food and Agricultural Organization, Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions, Page 7 Context for Vision Jamaica Vision Jamaica National Development Plan accountability in governance; and a high perception of corruption permeating public and private sectors.
This was below the level of Barbados, the Bahamas, St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, and Trinidad and Tobago, which ranked 31st, 49th, 54th, 57th and 59th respectively. Governance has been an area of particular concern, with erosion of social capital and trust, an inefficient justice system, political polarization, and weak accountability mechanisms in the public sector.
In order to correct this, Government introduced measures to strengthen the required levels of accountability and to enable scrutiny by the public, particularly in the contracting and procurement processes. Despite the improvements in environmental management, Jamaica was ranked as extremely vulnerable in the Environmental Vulnerability Index EVI.
The range of developed countries is based on the IMF list of advanced economies. The GCI report utilizes three main categories to characterize a country. A factor-driven economy competes on the basis of factor endowments, unskilled labour, natural resources and price.
Countries in the second tier are efficiency-driven and have to begin to improve both their productivity and product quality in order to increase their competitiveness.
This requires that they invest more in higher education and training, promote more efficiency in goods and labour markets, increase the sophistication of their financial markets and increase their application of existing technologies.
At the highest level, countries characterized as innovation-driven economies are able to sustain higher wages and standards of living by offering new and unique products.